Bise raises three challenges to the finding he improperly refused a breath test. The court of appeals rejects them all.
Bise’s main argument is that there wasn’t a sufficient factual basis to find he refused a test. In response to the officer’s request for a breath sample, Bise said he wanted to give a blood sample instead; he claimed in the circuit court that the officer didn’t make it clear enough that his insistence on giving a blood sample would as a refusal of the breath sample. This goes nowhere because the officer testified he specifically told Bise that if he didn’t’ give a breath sample, it would count as a refusal. (¶¶7, 9). While Bise now argues there can’t be a refusal as long as he picks one of the three test options, that argument wasn’t made below and there’s no authority for it. (¶¶11-12).
Finally, there was ample probable cause to justify the request for a breath sample: Bise was stopped at 2:50 a.m.; his car went over the lines marking the travel lanes five times; the officer had to knock on the window to get Bise’s attention after he stopped; there was an odor of alcohol from inside the car; Bise had trouble producing his license and avoided eye contact, though the officer eventually saw he had red and bloodshot eyes; Bise admitted he had “two drinks;” and he partially failed the field sobriety tests. He also spoke in a slow and slurred manner, though the officer eventually realized Bice has a speech impediment—a realization that the officer didn’t think misled him regarding signs of intoxication. (¶¶3-6, 15-17).